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English Pronouns

Notional grammars define pronouns as “small words that take the place of nouns and other grammatical forms.” Pronoun is a subcategory of the larger category of noun. A pronoun phrase, which is a type of noun phrase, consists of a pronoun plus any modifiers.

Grammatical Forms

Types of Pronouns: Personal, Indefinite, Demonstrative, Interrogative, and Relative explains the more specific categories into which English pronouns are classified: personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, interrogative pronouns, and relative pronouns.

The English Personal Pronoun System explains the subcategory of pronouns that refer to specified antecedents, which include four types of personal pronouns: subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, and reflexive pronouns.

The English Demonstrative Pronoun System explains the subcategory of pronouns that also provide additional information about the proximity of the word, phrase, or clause replaced by the pronoun.

The English Indefinite Pronoun System explains the subcategory of pronouns that refer to unspecified antecedents.

The English Interrogative Pronoun System explains the subcategory of pronouns that ask questions to gather more information about an unknown antecedent.

The English Relative Pronoun System explains the subcategory of pronouns that that introduce relative, or adjective, clauses.

Subject Pronouns in English Grammar explains the subcategory of pronouns that consists of the five subcategories of pronouns that function as subjects and subject complements.

Object Pronouns in English Grammar explains the subcategory of pronouns that consists of the five subcategories of pronouns that function as direct objects, indirect objects, object complements, and prepositional complements.

Possessive Pronouns in English Grammar explains the subcategory of pronouns that consists of the three subcategories of pronouns that function as subjects, subject complements, direct objects, indirect objects, and prepositional complements.

Reflexive Pronouns in English Grammar explains the subcategory of pronouns that end in -self or -selves, function as objects, and refer to a previously named noun or pronoun within constructions in which the subject and object are the same.

Intensive Pronouns in English Grammar explains the subcategory of pronouns that end in -self or -selves and add emphasis to a statement.

Grammatical Forms of English Noun Phrases explains the internal structure of noun phrases in English.

Grammatical Functions

Grammatical Functions of English Pronouns and Pronoun Phrases explains the eight grammatical functions of pronouns and pronoun phrases in English grammar.

Using Pronouns as Noun Phrase Heads exemplifies pronouns performing the grammatical function of noun phrase head.

Using Pronouns as Subjects exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of subject.

Using Pronouns as Subject Complements exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of subject complements.

Using Pronouns as Direct Objects exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of direct object.

Using Pronouns as Object Complements exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of object complement.

Using Pronouns as Indirect Objects exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of indirect object.

Using Pronouns as Prepositional Complements exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of prepositional complement.

Using Pronouns as Appositives exemplifies pronouns and pronoun phrases performing the grammatical function of appositive.

The English Relative Pronoun System explains the seven grammatical functions of relative pronouns in English grammar.

Using Relative Pronouns as Subjects exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of subject.

Using Relative Pronouns as Direct Objects exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of direct object.

Using Relative Pronouns as Object Complements exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of object complement.

Using Relative Pronouns as Indirect Objects exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of indirect object.

Using Relative Pronouns as Prepositional Complements exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of prepositional complement.

Using Relative Pronouns as Determinatives exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of determinative.

Using Relative Pronouns as Adjunct Adverbials exemplifies relative pronouns performing the grammatical function of adjunct adverbial.

For information on nouns including noun phrases, see English Nouns.

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    Intensive pronouns are pronouns that ends in -self or -selves and adds emphasis to a statement and can perform two functions in...

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  • Linguistic Definition of Reflexive Pronoun

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  • Intensive Pronouns in English Grammar

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  • Reflexive Pronouns in English Grammar

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  • Linguistic Definition of Subject Pronoun

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  • Object Pronouns in English Grammar

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