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Linguistic Definition of Indirect Object

Indirect objects in English grammar are words, phrases, and clauses that indicate to or for whom or what the action of a ditransitive verb is performed.

Indirect object is a grammatical function.

The grammatical forms that can function as the indirect object in English grammar are noun phrases including pronouns, prepositional phrases, verb phrases, and noun clauses.

Indirect objects are constituents of the predicate.

Sentences with indirect objects must also have direct objects.

References

Brinton, Laurel J. & Donna M. Brinton. 2010. The linguistic structure of Modern English, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Hopper, Paul J. 1999. A short course in grammar. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Huddleston, Rodney. 1984. Introduction to the grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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